Cooperation is key to securing maritime security in the Indian Ocean

Maritime security is a major challenge for the poorer coastal and island countries of the Indian Ocean Region. In particular those that have large zones of maritime jurisdiction. The Indian Ocean is the world’s third largest ocean. It has an area of around 73.5 million square kilometers. Unlike the Pacific and the Atlantic, it is enclosed on three sides by landmasses.

The Indian Ocean region comprises all the littoral and island states of that ocean. Some of these nations also share borders with the Persian Gulf and Red Sea. There are forty‑eight independent countries in the region including hinterland and landlocked states of East Africa and South Asia. There are 18 in Africa, 11 in the Middle East, seven in South Asia, six in Southeast Asia, five island states, and Australia.

The island states of Madagascar, Mauritius, Maldives and Seychelles, for example, have maritime zones of around 1 million square kilometers or more. Some west Indian Ocean states, notably Somalia and Yemen, also have large maritime zones that are fish rich. They are open to illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing. But also other forms of maritime crime, including piracy, drug and arms smuggling.

Managing maritime security is a challenging endeavour. It requires cooperation between regional countries, and between those with a stake in regional security. Maritime security is no longer thesole prerogative of navies with more non-military agencies now involved.

Maritime security is a priority for the Indian Ocean Rim Association, currently the main regional organisation for economic and security cooperation. It recently committed its members to working on increasing cooperation among navies and other maritime security forces in the region. The plan is to do this collaboratively with the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium, a voluntary initiative to address shared maritime security challenges and threats. The threats include illegal trafficking in drugs, arms and people, piracy, terrorism, illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing, and the risks of natural disasters.

Read More Via: The conversation

Egypt’s Security Chief Warns of Scheme to Incite Chaos

Egypt’s interior minister warned in comments published Monday that the country faced “unprecedented challenges” that require a decisive response by security forces, accusing the now-banned Muslim Brotherhood of inciting chaos.

The minister’s comments was the latest sign of alarm by President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi’s government over possible unrest in a backlash against rising prices and tough economic reforms

Interior Minister Magdy Abdel-Ghaffar, who is in charge of the police, said the Brotherhood was seeking through “conspiratorial schemes to incite chaos and confusion with the aim of creating skepticism over the ability of the state and its institutions to satisfy popular expectations.”

“The security forces will not, under any circumstances, tolerate any attempt to repeat the scenes of chaos and sabotage at a time when the country is moving forward with firm steps toward a promising future, God willing,” he said in a ministry statement run in state newspapers Monday.

Abdel-Ghaffar did not elaborate, but appeared to be alluding to the 2011 popular uprising that toppled longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak. Egypt’s police force largely melted away on the fourth day of the 18-day uprising, when police stations were stormed and thousands of inmates broke out from a number of prisons.

His comments, however, are the latest warning by officials and pro-government media against what they say are calls by the Brotherhood for street demonstrations on Nov. 11 to protest against prices rises and other economic woes.

There has been no reliable evidence that the Brotherhood was specifically behind the call for protests next month, although the group has consistently encouraged anti-government protests by its supporters since senior Brotherhood official Mohammed Morsi, Egypt’s first freely elected but divisive president, was ousted in July 2013, by the military, then led by el-Sissi.

In an Oct. 14 statement posted on its website, the Brotherhood urges Egyptians to rise up and topple el-Sissi’s government, but gives no specific date for the demonstrations it is calling for.

El-Sissi appeared to refer to these planned protests when, in a meeting with government leaders Saturday, he urged authorities to be on high alert and beef up the defense of vital state installations. The meeting came just hours after a senior Egyptian army officer was gunned down outside his home in an eastern Cairo suburb.

A little-known group with suspected links to the Brotherhood claimed responsibility for the brazen daylight attack.

El-Sissi’s government has already shown sensitivity to signs of a popular backlash over the economy. The presidency has issued near-daily statements saying el-Sissi is instructing ministers to ensure the availability of basic staples at affordable prices and to prosecute any merchants found to be hoarding food supplies.

Despite the economic crisis, el-Sissi appears to enjoy considerable public backing, though it has shown some erosion since 2014 when he was hailed as a national savior. The Egypt-based polling agency Baseera, one of the few that conducts polls in the country, said its latest survey this month showed 68 percent of respondents approve of his performance, down from 79 percent in April and 85 percent in November. The poll surveyed 1,520 people above the age of 18 with a margin of error of 3 percent.

The perceived fears of a popular backlash over the economy come as shortages and rising food prices are feeding discontent among Egyptians, who are also enduring new taxes and a hike in utility bills. The government must also introduce a package of economic reforms that would further hike prices, including the devaluation of the pound and lifting fuel subsidies, to secure a $12-billion dollar loan from the International Monetary Fund to bail out Egypt’s ailing economy.

Egypt is suffering an acute foreign currency shortage because of the decimation of its lucrative tourism industry, a fall in Suez Canal revenues and reduced remittances from Egyptian expatriates. It also suffers from double digit rates of inflation and unemployment.

Its economic crisis comes as Egypt’s security forces are battling an Islamic militant insurgency in the Sinai Peninsula.

For the full article, please click here.

Via: abcNews

French APPN Card Course

P2P have organised a training course in France for MSO’s who wish to work on French Flag vessels but who do not possess an APPN card. The main purpose of this course is aimed at personnel who do not currently hold the APPN card however we will also be running a P2P induction course. Those with a current APPN card can therefore attend the induction course in order to work with P2P. Please contact leo@port2portuk.com

 

P2P organise un stage en France au profit des candidats souhaitant rejoindre notre activité protection privée des navires français. Ceux qui n’ont pas encore la carte pro APPN se verront délivrer la formation requise en vue de l’obtention de la carte APPN (à tarif de groupe), ainsi que l’induction en vue de faciliter l’intégration chez P2P (à titre gracieux). Des détenteurs de la carte APPN pourront suivre le volet induction P2P de ce stage. Contacter leo@port2portuk.com

Pirates, Politics & Protection

byJoseph Keefe

Like oil & water, they don’t mix.

For many businesses on the collective, global waterfront, it is going to be a challenging year for one reason or another. Hence, you can be forgiven for forgetting that it wasn’t too long ago that the most pressing matter on the plates of blue water shipping executives was protecting the mariners that get deep draft shipping from point A to point B from the scourge of so-called ‘pirates.’ The romance quickly went out of that word as vessels were boarded in remote places like the Gulf of Aden, West Africa and then, in obscure places in the Far East. The Maersk Alabama episode brought the problem into the glaring spotlight, followed by a reasonably well done Hollywood dramatization that used the incident as the springboard for a full length movie. (more…)

Sri Lanka Navy earns US$ 1.5 million in a month from providing maritime security services

Sri Lanka Navy said it had earned an income of Rs. 220 million (over US$ 1.5 million) in a month from the operations, which were provided by the Avant Garde Maritime Services Ltd (AGMSL) earlier. (more…)

German aid worker hostage released in Afghanistan

A German aid worker who was kidnapped in Afghanistan in August has been released and is in good health, her employer has said. (more…)

Millions in ransom being paid to militants: report

A six-month investigation conducted by Al-Jazeera has revealed that large sums of cash have been paid to armed groups by various state governments in exchange for hostage releases.   (more…)

Nigerian Navy to Partner Private Investors on Security

John Iwori

The Nigerian Navy (NN) has reiterated its commitment to join forces with private investors to rid Nigerian waters of criminal elements. (more…)

Collective Effort by Maritime Industry and Naval Forces Keep Pirate Attacks Suppressed

Collective Effort by Maritime Industry and Naval Forces Keep Pirate Attacks Suppressed: EU Naval Force Operation Commander, Major General Martin Smith MBE

At a breakfast meeting earlier today with senior shipping industry representatives, the EU Naval Force Operation Commander, Major General Martin Smith MBE, stated that whilst Somali-based piracy in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden is suppressed, there is no room for complacency regarding the on-going threat. (more…)

Pacific Basin’s Jacob Bliksted Sørensen completes 1,000km Kitesurf Challenge

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Solo charity expedition from Mozambique to Kenya completed in 24 days

Pacific Basin shipping executive Jacob Bliksted Sørensen has successfully completed his 1,000km solo charity kitesurf expedition between Mozambique and Kenya in aid of his campaign, Mission: Safe Ocean. (more…)